It was my pleasure on Saturday October 10, 2020 to attend a two-hour session with Anthony Streiff on the topic of Applied Nonviolence in an Unequal World sponsored by Conflict Resolution Minnesota. Given his commentary I wanted to share with you some of my take aways from his insights and some of his sources to help you with conflict resolution, dispute resolution, and collaboration. Keep in mind this is my spin on what he shared, so this may not be exactly as Anthony Streiff intended. If I am not true to his intentions, I apologize. I recommend you consider following him on LinkedIn.
All of us can and should take time out to center ourselves daily with mindfulness. This can be with prayer, meditation, reflection, or other similar techniques. We started this session with reflection. It is a good idea in general to start your day with an exercise with mindfulness.
As a result of the session I left with five major take aways that I can use that may help you too. These were links to feelings and needs inventories from The Center for Nonviolent Communication, an analogy related to judgments, a 10 minute video by Marshall Rosenberg on nonviolent communication, a daily five minute non-violent communication practice from A Cup of Empathy by Marianne Van Dijk from Amsterdam, Netherlands, and distinguishing feelings from thoughts with implications. Finally, some of my own thoughts are offered to help you with nonviolent communication when working with others.
Feelings and Needs Inventories
Everyone has feelings. This link takes you to The Feelings Inventory from The Center for Nonviolent Communication. This inventory addresses both feeling that are and are not being met. It is a starting point to help you and others to help sort out your and their feelings. This link takes you to the Needs Inventory from The Center for Nonviolent Communication. Similarly, it too is a starting point to help you and others to sort out needs. By identifying feelings, it may be possible to take additional steps to work together to resolve conflicts or disputes.
An Analogy Related to Judgments
Anthon Streiff offered what I thought was a nice analogy regarding judgments. We will judge ourselves and others when in conflict. His suggestion is to hold judgments in a glass. Examine the glass. Look at the glass. This is not something to ingest. Ingesting glass will kill us. Rather recognize that we are judging and simply holding those judgments in the glass. I liked the analogy personally. While holding the judgment in the glass explore how you and the other party is feeling. The other party needs to be heard. They may be feeling powerless. They may need to be seen. They may be feeling invisible or desperate. They need to be respected. As a further extension of this thought process a video of Marshall Rosenberg being interviewed on his experience of working with warring factions around the world for 40 years was shared.
Marshall Rosenberg on Nonviolent Communication
The first 3 and half minutes of this 10 minute video provides insights on connecting to what the other party is feeling. Asking open ended questions was the key. Listening with empathy makes all the difference in the world. By sincerely caring and building trust it is possible to develop dialogue. It is important to understand both feelings and needs. (See the inventory links above). So, what can I do daily to improve? As Anthon Streiff shared this is like weightlifting. You must start small and work consistently to improve. It is a process.
A Daily Five-Minute Nonviolent Communication Practice
A daily five-minute nonviolent communication practice from A Cup of Empathy by Marianne Van Dijk from Amsterdam, Netherlands video was shared with us. Although her commentary is with life partners, it also has implications in conflicts with others too. This is a five-minute guide to self-empathy that you can apply daily. Essentially you are asked to write down each of these items. Check your core feelings, your thoughts behind those feelings, your observations associated your thoughts written in neutral terms, your needs given your observations (this is the most important step using the needs list as a starting point), and determine your request, that is the actions you are requesting. The action you are asking needs to be specific and concrete. If you do this daily according to Marianne Van Dijk, you will grow in your nonviolent communication.
Differentiating Feeling and Thoughts
One of the keys for me was to realize the difference between feelings and thoughts. For example, someone may say they feel like they are being manipulated. Being manipulated is a thought. The feelings behind being manipulated may be feelings of distress, helplessness, feeling dejected, or miserable for example. It is important to distinguish feelings from thoughts with this model. This made me think and maybe it will for you too.
From my own observations I wanted to share another model.
The NIP Model
As a mediator I have found the NIP model to be helpful. NIP stands for:
Investigate further, and
Problem solve together
This can work very well in the environment where you work collectively to determine the facts, the issues associated with the facts, the feelings and emotion behind those issues, to explore interests. Behind every position is at least one interest. Expanding on the NIP model from the commentary above I learned it is important to separate feelings from thoughts. I intend to make use of the two handouts on both the needs inventory and the two pages of the feeling inventory with when needs are met and not met going forward.
Hopefully this information may help you to as we learn and work together to resolve conflicts and disputes with others.